Integrated Bulk Grain Management (IBGM) in Metallic Silos in the Tropics

Integrated Bulk Grain Management (IBGM) in Metallic Silos in the Tropics
Authors : Okolo, C. A, Chukwu, O, Adejumo B. A. , Haruna, S. A
Publication Date: 21-02-2017


Author(s):  Okolo, C. A, Chukwu, O, Adejumo B. A. , Haruna, S. A

Published in:   International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology

License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Website: www.ijert.org

Volume/Issue:   Volume. 6 - Issue. 01 , February - 2017

e-ISSN:   2278-0181


Bulk storage of grains in metallic silos is one of the biggest milestones in technological development in the area of crop processing and storage. This is due to the storage capacities it can afford, and its ability to reduce enormous post-harvest/storage losses recorded over the years in this area, especially in the developing countries. As the most popular way of storing grains in commercial quantity worldwide, a wide range of grains, cereals, pulses and paddy crops could be stored in metallic silos. Grains stored in metallic silos could be consumed directly by man, sold to make financial gains, used as seed if the sources and species are known, and could be processed into a wide range of confectioneries/food for human and animal consumption. In bulk grain storage in metallic silos, there is always a continuous interaction between the grains which are dormant but alife, and the environment (stored grain ecosystem) which is expected to facilitate the degeneration of quality and mass of the stored grains, especially over a period. These losses are naturally associated with, moisture migration and condensation, insect/ pest activities, handling losses, mould and seepage losses. However, a good knowledge of the stored grain eco-system in a non sealed storage, and proper manipulation of grain storage variables/ parameters, will no doubt lead to a good and successful storage with minimal storage losses. Since the quality of grains stored, cannot get better in storage, but can only be maintained, it buttresses the importance of storing high quality grains by all standards. The aim and objective of this work is to review the different management practices that make up the Integrated Bulk Grains Management of grains (IBGM) in metallic silos especially in the tropics. The various management practices that made (IBGM) such as, Grain reception, Gain management, Grain releases exercise, and workers health and safety will be extensively reviewed, with a view to providing useful information that will help to reduce the huge storage losses recorded in the storage of grains/paddy crops in metallic silos in the tropics, to below 5%, which is the FAO recommended maximum limit for grain storage losses in metallic silos in developing countries.


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